The challenges, impact, legitimacy and temporalities of citizen-led spaces of participation and deliberation (Felicetti, 2016) divert greatly from those of government-led processes (Landemore, 2017; Dryzek et al., 2019). For instance, while governments are increasingly using spaces of participation (Smith, 2009; Curato, 2020) and deliberation to address some of the most wicked problems of our time (Fisher 1993; Balint et al., 2006; Smith, 2003; Rühli et al., 2017; Moon, 2020), bottom-up and citizen-led processes are focusing mostly on tame issues that affect communities on a daily basis (Mathie et al.,2017).
According to the literature, even if these processes occur in parallel to each other, an ever-growing number of participatory processes of participation led by Academia (Zilahy and Huisingh, 2009; Zourou et al., 2020) have attempted to narrow down the gaps between citizen-led and government-led spaces of participation (Crumbley and Tickner, 2002) . Practical examples are represented by the Forum for the Future, the Global Citizens Assembly on Genome Editing, the Multi-City Challenge, and the Smarter Crowdsourcing initiative.
This workshop will engage with the following questions: What is the role of academia in convening, designing, facilitating and assessing participatory processes? What are the challenges, the impact, the legitimacy and the temporalities of academia-led spaces of participation? How can transformative research support processes addressing wicked, tame and planetary issues? How can academically-led processes increase its impact by engaging governments concerns for the future while addressing the current needs of citizens?
The aim of the workshop is to critically assess the role of governments, citizens and academia in convening, ideating, implementing and assessing processes of participation and deliberation. In order to do so during this workshop, we will produce a collaborative framework to identify and conceptualize the challenges, impact, legitimacy and temporalities of participatory processes led by Academia.